Abstract :Vehicular named data networking (VNDN) has the datacentric and in-network caching advantages that are in line with the requirements of multi-hop content retrieval in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). Some current restrictive forwarding strategies utilize single-path forwarding to mitigate the Interest broadcast storm in VNDN. However, these strategies do not provide any reliable mechanism for Interest and Data forwarding to address the problem of low performance caused by the dynamic and unreliable VANETs communication environment. In this paper, we propose a packet forwarding strategy based on optimal and backup (PFOB) for VNDN. For Interest, PFOB establishes a single-path forwarding with high reliability and reachability by increasing the signal strength and node-degree criterion and retransmission mechanism. For Data, PFOB provides a reliable multi-path backup forwarding mechanism without additional network overhead. Simulation results show that PFOB can effectively improve the Interest satisfaction ratio, reduce the number of application retransmissions, and reduce the Interest satisfaction delay compared to the current strategies.
Index terms :Named data networking, reliable forwarding strategy, vehicular ad hoc networks.