Large-System Analyses of Multiple-Antenna System Capacities

Asymptotic theorems are very commonly used in probability. For systems whose performance depends on a set of n random parameters, asymptotic analyses for n->infinity are often used to simplify calculations and obtain results yielding useful hints at the behavior of the system for finite n. These asymptotic analyses
are especially useful whenever the convergence to the asymptotic results is so fast that even for moderate n they yield results close to the true values. This tutorial paper illustrates this principle by applying it to capacity calculations of multiple-antenna systems.