Abstract View

Inter-Vehicle Cooperation Channel Estimation for IEEE802.11p V2I Communications

The impact of imperfect channel state information (CSI) is particularly serious in vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications.~Considering the sparse characteristics of V2I channels, this paper proposes an inter-vehicle cooperation channel estimation (IVC-CE) method at the IEEE 802.11p physical layer, and the effects of outdated CSI can be mitigated by single or multiple vehicle measurements.~With these assisted measurements, we can develop an interpolation-assisted channel estimation technique to obtain accurate CSI.~To select optimum measurements from a group of channel estimates, we utilize the position and velocity of a vehicle as a priori information.~We investigate the validity of the IVC-CE technique with the traditional linear minimum mean-squared error algorithm and present a scalable data transmission scheme at the physical layer.~The performance of IVC-CE is analyzed by its mean squared error and bit error rate in a fast fading channel environment. Simulations and numerical results show the merits of the proposed techniques, which can significantly enhance estimation performance and support safety related data transmissions for vehicular ad hoc networks.